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Cameras are everywhere now. Why has there not been a good photo or video recorded?

Those who support the Bigfoot theory point out to the seemingly extreme preference of the creature for seclusion as one of the reasons why there has not been a good quality photo or video recorded. It is just really very difficult to find the creature and get it on film. Another reason pointed out was the nonhuman movements of the creature that seems to lend to it a superhuman agility. That is why the photos and video recordings existing have a grainy and unreal appearance. Naysayers, however, contend that it is not realistic to to get a photograph or a video recording of something that is not there, in the first place.

Skamania County Ordinance

Skamania County Ordinance
Tuesday, April 01, 1969
Ordinance No. 69-01

Be it hereby ordained by the Board of County Commissioners of Skamania County:

Whereas, there is evidence to indicate the possible existence in Skamania County of a nocturnal primate mammal variously described as an ape-like creature or a sub-species of Homo Sapiens; and

Whereas, both legend and purported recent sightings and spoor support this possibility, and

Whereas, this creature is generally and commonly known as a “Sasquatch”, “Yeti”, “Bigfoot”, or “Giant Hairy ape”, and has resulted in an influx of scientific investigators as well as casual hunters, many armed with lethal weapons, and

Whereas, the absence of specific laws covering the taking of specimens encourages laxity in the use of firearms and other deadly devices and poses a clear and present threat to the safety and well-being of persons living or traveling within the boundaries of Skamania County as well as to the creatures themselves,

Therefore be it resolved that any premeditated, willful and wanton slaying of such creature shall be deemed a felony punishable by a fine not to exceed Ten Thousand Dollars ($10,000) and/or imprisonment in the county jail for a period not to exceed Five (5) years.

Be it further resolved that the situation existing constitutes an emergency and as such this ordinance is effective immediately.

Board of Commissioners of Skamania County

Gigantopithecus Blacki

Gigantopithecus blacki, named after Davidson Black, is known only from four lower jaws with about a thousand teeth. Judging from their enormous size, Gigantopithecus was the largest primate that ever lived, with males standing at 10 feet tall, and weighing up to 1200 lbs.

Gigantopithecus blacki could be found on the continent of Asia, specifically in the countries of China and Vietnam. Gigantopithecus Blacki occured during the Pleistocene epoch.

The diet of Gigantopithecus blacki appeared to be that of hard fibrous material, based on the jaw and teeth morphology this species had.

The estimated body mass of Gigantopithecus blacki suggests that this species was a terrestrial quadruped, like the extant species, Gorilla gorilla.

Well over 2 million years ago, a giant ape was said to roam the forests of China and south east Asia. This ape was Gigantopithecus Blacki. The species which was thought to have been extinct for more then 500,000 years. Gigantopithecus was the largest known primate to ever walk the earth.

G.H.R von Koenigswald, a dutch paleoanthropologist, discovered the first fossil tooth of Gigantopithecus blacki in 1935 in an apothecary shop in Hong Kong. For centuries the Chinese have sold ‘dragons’ teeth and bones to be ground up as a medicinal. These ‘dragon’ bones are actually anctient fossils. After the first discovery of the “Giganto” tooth he searched many more pharmacies over the next four years only toefind three more “Giganto” teeth. The pharmasists told him the teeth probably came from the region of Guangxi. Based on the dirt clinging teeth, and the fact that their roots had been apparently gnawed away by porcupines. The teeth were found mixed in with middle-Pleistocene elephant and panda fossils, von Koenigswald estimated their age at around 125,000 to 700,000 years old.

von Koenigswald’s researches were interrupted when he was taken prisoner by the Japanese in World War II. His collection of “Giganto” teeth (the only existing evidence the ape existed) were buried in a milk bottle in a friend’s backyard until the war was over.

Most of the potential fossil sites in China have been picked clean, which brings us to UI researcher Russ Ciochon who choose to look in Vietnam for any remains of “Giganto”.

Ciochon noticed similarities between the giant ape and the giant panda, both animals have thick mandibles, pitted teeth and unusually high occurences of tooth decay. He knew large herbivores favored only one type of plant. He hypothosized that “Giganto” fed on the plentiful bamboo of Southeast Asia.

There appeared to be no way to investigate Giganto’s diet directly until Anthropology graduate student Robert Thompson mentioned phytoliths. Phytoliths are microscopic bits of silica formed by certain plants between their cells. Each plant creates it’s on Phytolith shapes, thus making it possible to check the fossil teeth of Giganto.

It appears that Gigantopithecus appeared in the fossil record about 6.3million years ago, thriving in Southeast Asia. Early huminoids (Homo Erectus), spread into Gigantopithecus’ territory around 800,000 years ago. It’s estimated within half a million years of the arrival of Homo Erectus, Giganto had become extinct. Several factors come into play with the extinction: Bamboo forests are subject to sudden and mysterious die-offs, and the arrival of Homo Erectus, who may have also eaten Bamboo, or used it to make tools. Which likely made it hard for Giantopithecus to survive the die-offs.

The analysis revealed some of the Giganto teeth did have phytoliths embedded into the enamel, two types of phytoliths were discovered – needlelike grass phytoliths and hat-shaped fruit phytoliths were found on the teeth. Many types of grass (including Bamboo) have needlelike phytoliths. The presence of said phytoliths is consistent with Ciochon’s theory.

Since the discovery by von Koenigswald, three jaw bones, and about a thousand teeth have been recovered. The teeth and bones found are all the evidence there is to prove Gigantopithecus Blacki ever existed.

Currently Scientists looking for “Giganto” fossils dig in the caves and limestone towers of Southeast Asia.

Bigfoot Sightings – Are They Really All Bunk?

Bigfoot, also known as “Sasquatch” has been a part of Native American legend and lore since the times before white settlers ever set foot in the New World. The world-famous cryptid is known for having the appearance of a tall half-man, half-ape creature with massive feet and a foul smell. What makes this creature so mysterious is that bigfoot is known for being able to seemingly disappear without a trace after ducking behind trees, as well as the fact that one of these creatures has never been captured and viewed in captivity – despite the hundreds of efforts to find one and catch one alive.

Most of the legends told by Native Americans have faded away into the past, but the tale of bigfoot seems to be as relevant as ever before. For those who study cryptozoology, the fact of the matter is that it only makes sense. After all, hunters, hikers, farmers, and even policemen swear that they have experience bigfoot sightings as recently as in the past couple of months.

Many skeptics who believe that cryptozoology is totally bunk will tell you that bigfoot sightings are either hoaxes, hallucinations, or just cases where the identity of what people are seeing is mistaken. However, there are plenty of reasons for people to believe that there actually may be some sort of strange ape-man out there in the woods. Here are some of the more valid reasons why many scientists admit that there may be some truth to the tale of bigfoot…

  • Bigfoot sightings predate settlers, and continue to this day. Most cryptid sightings have a tendency to happen in large, sporadic bursts. It’s common for many faux creatures to have a bunch of sightings in one decade, only to never be seen again. This is because many cryptid sightings may be group-planned hoaxes. Bigfoot sightings, on the other hand, have remained consistent for centuries. You can’t logically keep up a hoax for that long – especially not when it crosses cultural boundaries that frequently.
  • There have been pieces of evidence that have not yet been debunked. Blurry sasquatch videos aside, there have actually been collections of physical evidence that scientists have yet to prove to be fake. Some of the evidence includes hair that has not been identified as any known species’ sample, footprints, as well as lie detector tests that were passed by witnesses.
  • Many of the witnesses who have had bigfoot sightings are actually credible people. Not all sasquatch witnesses are tinfoil hat-wearing lunatics. Many witnesses who have claimed that they have seen the mystery ape have been leaders in their community, such as law enforcement officers, army sergeants, and even newscasters.
  • Many of the sightings of bigfoot also are not reported to the news, nor are they capitalized on. If a person doesn’t have anything to gain from saying they say bigfoot, why would they put the effort to have that kind of hoax exist?

Considering these three points, it’s somewhat hard to toss out all the claims, and even harder to explain away some of bigfoot night image.the evidence that has been used to substantiate claims. Sure, there have been a plethora of hoaxes that could make people more skeptical, but is it really fair to those who do believe they have seen bigfoot to call them liars without actually looking at their evidence? We don’t think so.


I can not think of a more fascinating area of research for anyone interested in biology or natural history than cryptozoology. Cryptozoology goes beyond the study of known animals. It delves into the unknown. The main purpose of cryptozoology is to gather evidence for the existence of animals not yet known to science and expose the misconception that there is no room left for a large primate to hide. According to Loren Coleman, the term cryptozoology was coined by the late Ivan T. Sanderson, and later reinvented by Bernard Houseman. Richard Greenwell who was secretariat of the now defunct  [ISC.] International Society of Cryptozoology said “Originally zoology was cryptozoology. From the late 16th to the 18th century, we were exploring new continents and sending specimens back to the museums. Then early in the 19th century Cuvier, the famous French zoologist said that all the large animals had all ready been discovered. This had a negative impact. There has always been what I call a “Temporal Provincialism” when authorities at any given time, think that they are on top of everything. By the early twentieth century it was thought that all we needed to do was refine our knowledge on everything we had already found. Now in the late 20th century, we are more and more into ecology, and relationships between species and their environments. However, we are not looking for new species hardly at all.”

According to the ISCs’ published by laws, a cryptozoologists quarry includes “animals of unexplained form or size, or unexpected occurrence in time or space”. As is well known, many large animals unknown to science have been discovered and classified since the days of Cuvier including many rediscovered, previously thought to be extinct, some, for many millions of years. Animals that surely prove yesterdays myths and legends are todays scientific discoveries. In keeping an open mind at the possibilities of cryptozoology, let’s not forget the incredulous denial and attitude of the modern day scientific community who still dogmatically reflect the feelings of cuvier, who chuckled at the idea of unknown survivors from the past living to the present, and the many wonderful creatures that have been discovered since his day, and indeed during his day.

Most of us are familiar with at least some of the remarkable discoveries that scientists once thought were myths or just had no clue of their existence and were taken totally by surprise. Here’s some amazing examples. The pigmy hippopotamus, the okapi, and the gorillas. Giant octopus and giant squid are now known to exist and are not merely myth. The first gorillas were described in 1847 – almost nothing was known of them until 1959-60 when studies were made of them by George Schaller and his wife. The mountain gorilla was not known to science until 1902. The first successful studies of the mountain gorilla in the wild didn’t take place until 1959. The Bonoboo, pigmy chimpanzee, was discovered in 1929. Mega mouth shark, discovered in 1976 was completely unknown. The Fossa of Madagascar, is  a lot like a feline it has retractable claws and a fearsome set of teeth. But unfeline like, the fossa has the ability to move rapidly through the trees and has a snout like a dog. The fossa is both nocturnal and diurnal. It remained unknown in spite of many years of research conducted studying lemurs in fossa habitat. Scientists were totally unaware of their existence because of their ability to hide. The fossa is related to the mongoose. The kouprey, a large wild bison, wasn’t discovered by western science until 1936, when the first specimen was identified at the Paris zoo. This beast roams the open savanna and wood land areas of cambodia where the terrain leaves it highly visible. but zoologists, who don’t hesitate to accept fossil evidence, will not except eyewitness reports of large unclassified creatures that appear only briefly. The kouprey was rediscovered in 1982. Science admits that there are creatures all around us that should have been extinct aeons ago. the turtle, the alligator, the horseshoe crab, some snails, a few of the spiders and cockroaches, and all the snow fleas have remained unchanged by evolution over millions of years. The cealacanth, was discovered in 1938, the saolo or spindle horn in 1982. Western scientists documented a large forest ox in Vietnam. A new species and genus of bovid discovered in vietnam in 1992. In 1995 the muntjak deer was documented in the vuquang forest reserve. These animals have previously been well known by the local people [megomantiacus vuguansis]. The komodo dragon was discovered on Indonesia islands in 1912. The chacoan peccary [Javelina], a pleistocene fossil species was discovered alive in Paraguay in 1975. The giant gecko of New Zealand. The only known specimen, discovered in a french museum in 1984. The Giant Panda’s existance wasn’t known until 1869. It took sixty seven years from the time of the “discovery” of the giant panda by westerners until its live capture. This provides an example of how difficult it can be to track down and locate even a large creature in difficult terrain. Less than one thousand remain in the wild. During the 67 years, twelve well staffed and equipped professional expeditions failed to collect a single living specimen. Even more amazing Beijing scientists exploreing Shanni Province have reported two previously unknown species of panda. Another animal who’s existence was denied by the scientific establishment is the platypus which had been living for over 50,000,000 yrs. Even after the British Museum received a pair of pickled specimens they were not thought to be genuine. The first duck billed platypus pelt to be presented was  thought to be a hoax. The wood buffulo [Bison Athabasae] was thought to be extinct until a wildlife team flying over Wood Buffulo National Park in Alberta spotted a herd of two hundred of them. These rare enormous bison are the only pure strain of wood bison in the world left over from the ice age. It’s estimated that their are over 2,000,000 species of flroa and fauna waiting to be discoverd. Even though the majoraty of these discoveries would be everything from small primates and mammals to microbes there is still plenty of  room on this planet to harbor large, even enormous creatures unknown to science.

© Ronnie Roseman

bigfoot tracking


You walk out your back door one day to find a layer of freshly fallen snow. Crisscrossing it are a myriad of tracks and trails of the animals that have passed though overnight. You wonder what kind of animals they were, and whether you can tell from their tracks. Some are big and some are small. Some have claws and some don’t. It’s fascinating to you that so many animals have walked though your yard, and you want to know more. How do you learn what made these tracks? 




he skill of tracking human or animal track may include areas the terrain or by a splayed footprint that is both an art and a science. According to Dr. Louis Lienberg, tracking is the oldest science known to mankind. Our ancient primitive ancestors used tracking skills to hunt the animals they needed to survive. They developed the skills of a scientist: observations, classification and identification. They developed search images in their minds for the particular shapes of the tracks left by the animals they were interested in. They were able to follow those trails over varied terrain and in all kinds of weather conditions. Their very survival depended on it.

Now days, our survival may not depend on tracking skills, but that does not mean such a skill has no modern uses. Tracking is widely used in studying wildlife andmonitoring endangered species, as well as in search and rescue, military/ law enforcement, and hunting. There are also people who do it just as a hobby. Tracking is a skill that takes patience and dedication to learn. Anyone can learn to do it, and do it well. It’s all about training your mind to recognize the signs written there on the ground.

The first thing to do is learn some of the vocabulary of tracking. As with any skill, tracking has its own lingo or words that identify the concepts that all trackers agree on. Here are the basics:

bigfoot sign
Are any clues left behind by the passage of a person or animal. This can include tracks, scat (droppings), scratch marks, nests, fur snags or any other disturbance to the landscape. Signs also include all the subtle clues that trackers rely on so much: bent grass blades, bruised or damaged vegetation, broken twigs, scuffs on fallen logs, impressions, overturned rocks, flattened areas of ground, patterns in dirt and plenty more. These signs, taken as a whole, are what make up each individual track. For example, one large human or animal track may include areas of flattened soil; some bruised and bent vegetation and an overturned rock or two.

bigfoot scat
Is the fecal droppings left by animals. These can be found anywhere and vary according to species. Trackers identify different species not only by the shape, size and quantity of the scat but also by its placement on the landscape. Most animals are very driven by scents. They use scents to mark their territories, find mates and communicate with others of their species. Thus, some animals deposit scat in prominent places to communicate territorial boundaries. Foxes and otters will often use rocks, logs or other objects to deposit their scat upon.

bigfoot tracks
Are footprints, and these make up the bulk of the evidence for the passage of animals (or people). Perfect tracks that show every detail of the animal’s foot are rare, although you may find these in the ‘easy’ soils such as damp sand mud or silt. It is much more common to find a partial print of a toe or heel pad, or a distorted track caused by variations in the terrain or by a splayed footprint that looks much larger than it really is. Distortions are often due to the soil or terrain.



For example, if you walk over wet sand on a shore, the tracks you leave will look crisp, clear and about the right size. However, if you step off in tooelk dry, lose sand, your tracks will not be clear.The sand will fall back into your track after you pick up your foot, leaving a mere rough outline of your foot. The sand that falls back in will leave the track looking much larger then it really is.

For this reason, it is important to measure tracks constantly. The best method for doing this is James Halfpenny’s method called the minimum outline method. I will get into this later, but the point to remember is that tracks, even from the same foot on the same animal, will look different in various terrain and soil types.

Now that you know of the lingo of tracking, we’ll move on to some of the skills you need to learn.

The first skill you will need to learn is the ability to identify tracks in the field. You can learn this by watching animals and then looking at the tracks they leave behind.You can even do this with a pet’s tracks or your own tracks. You can also get a bigfoot territoryfield guide and take it with you out on the trail to identify any tracks you find. There are even free track guides on the Internet that you can print out and take with you.These are lightweight and easy to carry in a pocket. You identify animal tracks in a number of ways, such as by counting the number of toes, determining whether or not claw marks show, determining the shape of the heel pad and of the overall track, measuring the track, and more.

To begin learning tracking, you should set aside some time to practice in easy soils. The soils you consider easy will vary depending on your current tracking skill level. If you are just beginning, it’s OK to soil that is very sandy or silty. These fine graded soils are great for holding prints and make your first steps in learning this art easier. You will want to monitor yourself and then, once these soils become easy, move on to more difficult soil types. If you are a more experienced tracker, challenge yourself to move on to more difficult soil types, or to areas covered by dry grass, dry leaves or even hard, rocky soils. Push yourself to track in areas that are difficult for you. You will find your skill growing as you learn to work in these areas.

quoteThe idea is to learn what tracks look like first. Then use your knolledge and begin to learn to follow trails. Trailing is the art that brings tracking alive for most trackers. While most of us never trail an animal far enough to actually track it to its den or touch it, we can follow the trails and learn much about the lives of these creatures that share the environment with us.

To begin learning trailing, use your own tracks and follow them. Even though human feet are larger then most animal tracks, you will find that sign is the same, no matter the size of the Animal that created it. A tiny fox will crush leaves with its feet just as a bear would, although on a much smaller scale. After repeating this exercise a few times, you will notice that you see more signs on the landscape than you have ever seen before. You will be amazed at how much there is to see that indicates the passage of animals or humans.

Set aside some time to practice, and get a couple of friends together to practice with you. Make sure you choose people who have an interest in tracking. If they become bored or distracted, they will distract the whole group. It is better to practice alone than to have someone along who will distract you and take away from your learning. Tracking quoterequires concentration and patience. In the beginning stages, you will have to motivate yourself to stick with the trail to the end. For that reason, stick to trailing short trails at first, maybe ten steps or so. Then take a break and congratulate yourself on completing a trail. It’s hard work, but the rewards are worth it in the end.

A good exercise to teach you trailing is to choose a tracking area, have a friend walk through it, and thenfollow their trail. Remember to start in soil that is easy for you. Don’t make it to difficult to begin with as this only leads to discouragement. You want to be successful and get the feeling of excitement that completing a trail can bring.

Have your friend make some nice clear tracks at the beginning of their trail. They can do this by leaving a ribbon there or by scuffing up the soil and leaving two perfect prints there. Then have them walk about ten to twenty steps into the tracking area and leave a ribbon or some other clue that signifies the end of the trail.Have them walk back out of the area being careful not to follow the trail that they just created. You can also layout the tracks yourself and follow them back if you do not want to practice with a friend or two. It’s all up to you and your style. It does help in the early stages of learning to have more then one tracker practicing together. This way, you get several sets of eyes searching for tracks and signs at different angles. By sharing what you each see, you can learn from each other.

You begin by starting at the perfect tracks your friend made. Each tracker should draw these tracks. It doesn’t matter if you are a good artist or not. Even just a few lines and squiggles that signify the patters you see in the shoeprint will help. This is your drawing, and the purpose of it is to help you solidify the details of the track in your mind. By drawing it, you are forced to pay attention to the details.

Next, begin to follow the trail. They key here is to move along step by step. DO NOT skip any tracks. The ones that are most difficult to see are the ones that teach you the most. Also, do not move beyond the point of the last identifiable track until you

animal trackhave found the next one. Each time you take a step, put your hand on the ground, or otherwise touch the area, you are leaving sign. We call this contamination because it gets in the way of seeing the tracks you are searching for and causes confusion. Even if you spend half an hour on your hands and knees looking for a single blade of bruised grass, you should take the time to be patient until you find it. This way, you train your brain to recognize signs. Having other trackers looking also helps. They can point out what they see, and you can give your input as well. You help each other learn in this way. The idea here is to go slowly and take your time. It’s not a race to get to the end of the trail. You want to learn as much as you can as you go along. This is why you want to make sure you have enough time set aside for practice and do not have to rush during your learning.

Search-and-rescue trackers train this way and eventually gain enough skill so that they can see tracks while walking. You may spend 20 hours or more on your hands and knees before you get to that point, but it’s not a race. Take your time and learn the basics. Give yourself a solid foundation to work from.You will be surprised at how good you become at it.

Article used with permission from Unexplained Paranormal Magazine.

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